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Reports Year : 1999

A Deep Sea Telescope for High Energy Neutrinos

E. Aslanides (1) , J.J. Aubert (1) , S. Basa (1) , F. Bernard (1) , V. Bertin (1) , M. Billault (1) , P.E. Blanc (1) , J. Brunner (1) , A. Calzas (1) , F. Cassol (1) , J. Carr (1) , C. Carloganu (1) , J.J. Destelle (1) , P.Y. Duval (1) , F. Hubaut (1) , E. Kajfasz (1) , M. Jaquet (1) , D. Laugier (1) , A. Le van Suu (1) , P.L. Liotard (1) , Lilian Martin (1) , F. Montanet (1) , S. Navas (1) , C. Olivetto (1) , P. Payre (1) , A. Pohl (1) , R. Potheau (1) , M. Raymond (1) , M. Talby (1) , C. Tao (1) , E. Vigeolas (1) , S. Anvar , R. Azoulay , R W. Bland , F. Blondeau , N. de Botton , N. Bottu , H. Carton , P. Deck , F E. Desages , G. Dispau , F. Feinstein , P. Goret , L. Gosset , F. Gournay , J R. Hubbard , M. Karolak , A. Kouchner , D. Lachartre , H. Lafoux , P. Lamare , J C. Languillat , J P. Laugier , H. Le Provost , S. Loucatos , P. Magnier , B. Mazeau , P. Mols , L. Moscoso , N. Palanque-Delabrouille , P. Perrin , J. Poinsignon , Y. Queinec , Y. Sacquin , P. Schuller , T. Stolarczyk , A. Tabary , Y. Tayalati , P. Vernin , D. Vignaud , D. Vilanova , Y. Benhammou , F. Drouhin , D. Huss (2) , A. Pallares (2) , T. Tzvetanov , M. Danilov , R. Kagan , A. Rostovstev , E. Carmona , R. Cases , J J. Hernandez , J. Zuniga , C. Racca (2) , A. Zghiche (2) , R. van Dantzig , J. Engelen , A. Heijboer , M. de Jong , E. Kok , P. Kooijman , G J. Nooren , J. Oberski , P. de Witt Huberts , E. de Wolf , D. Evans , G. Mahout , I. Kenyon , P. Jovanovic , P. Newman , T. Mcmahon , S. Cooper , J. Fopma , N. Jelley , W. Schuster , S. Tilav , D. Wark , S. Cartwright , V. Kudryavtsev , J. Mcmillan , N. Spooner , L. Thompson , R. Triay , A. Mazure , P. Amram , J. Boulesteix , M. Marcelin , F. Blanc , G. Coustillier , J.-L. Fuda , C. Millot , J F. Drogou , D. Festy , G. Herrouin , Y. Le Guen , L. Lemoine , A. Massol , F. Mazeas , Jean-Pierre Morel , J F. Rolin , P. Valdy , B. Brooks , C. Compere
E. Kajfasz
S. Anvar
R. Azoulay
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R W. Bland
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F. Blondeau
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N. de Botton
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N. Bottu
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H. Carton
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P. Deck
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F E. Desages
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G. Dispau
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F. Feinstein
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P. Goret
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L. Gosset
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F. Gournay
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J R. Hubbard
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M. Karolak
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A. Kouchner
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D. Lachartre
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H. Lafoux
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P. Lamare
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J C. Languillat
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J P. Laugier
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H. Le Provost
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S. Loucatos
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P. Magnier
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B. Mazeau
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P. Mols
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L. Moscoso
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N. Palanque-Delabrouille
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P. Perrin
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J. Poinsignon
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Y. Queinec
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Y. Sacquin
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P. Schuller
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T. Stolarczyk
A. Tabary
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Y. Tayalati
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P. Vernin
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D. Vignaud
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D. Vilanova
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Y. Benhammou
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F. Drouhin
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T. Tzvetanov
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M. Danilov
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R. Kagan
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A. Rostovstev
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E. Carmona
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R. Cases
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J J. Hernandez
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J. Zuniga
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R. van Dantzig
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J. Engelen
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A. Heijboer
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M. de Jong
E. Kok
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P. Kooijman
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G J. Nooren
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J. Oberski
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P. de Witt Huberts
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E. de Wolf
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D. Evans
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G. Mahout
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I. Kenyon
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P. Jovanovic
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P. Newman
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T. Mcmahon
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S. Cooper
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J. Fopma
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N. Jelley
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W. Schuster
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S. Tilav
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D. Wark
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S. Cartwright
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V. Kudryavtsev
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J. Mcmillan
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N. Spooner
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L. Thompson
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R. Triay
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A. Mazure
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P. Amram
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  • PersonId : 1237027
J. Boulesteix
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M. Marcelin
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F. Blanc
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G. Coustillier
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J.-L. Fuda
C. Millot
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J F. Drogou
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D. Festy
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G. Herrouin
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Y. Le Guen
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L. Lemoine
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A. Massol
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F. Mazeas
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Jean-Pierre Morel
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J F. Rolin
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P. Valdy
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B. Brooks
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C. Compere
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Abstract

The ANTARES Collaboration proposes to construct a large area water Cherenkov detector in the deep Mediterranean Sea, optimised for the detection of muons from high-energy astrophysical neutrinos. This paper presents the scientific motivation for building such a device, along with a review of the technical issues involved in its design and construction. The observation of high energy neutrinos will open a new window on the universe. The primary aim is to study particle acceleration mechanisms in energetic astrophysical objects such as AGN's and GRB's, which may also shed light on the origin of ultra-high-energy cosmic rays. At lower energies, non-baryonic dark matter may be detected through the neutrinos produced when gravitationally captured WIMPs annihilate in the cores of the Earth and the Sun. Neutrino oscillations can be measured by studying distortions in the energy spectrum of upward-going atmospheric nu's. The characteristics of the proposed site are an important consideration in detector design. Water properties and detector environment parameters were measured. These tests have shown that the proposed site provides a good-quality environment for the detector, and have also demonstrated the feasibility of the deployment technique. The present proposal concerns the construction and deployment of a detector with surface area 0.1 km^2. The conceptual design for such a detector is discussed, and the physics performance evaluated. An overview of costs and schedules is presented. It is concluded that a 0.1 km^2 detector is technically feasible at realistic cost, and offers an exciting and varied physics and astrophysics programme. Such a detector will also provide practical experience which will be invaluable in the design and operation of future detectors on the astrophysically desirable 1 km^2 scale.

Dates and versions

in2p3-00003699 , version 1 (27-08-1999)

Identifiers

Cite

E. Aslanides, J.J. Aubert, S. Basa, F. Bernard, V. Bertin, et al.. A Deep Sea Telescope for High Energy Neutrinos. 1999, pp.149. ⟨in2p3-00003699⟩
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