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Strontium binding by calcium silicate hydrates

Abstract : In the present study the binding of strontium with pure calcium silicate hydrates (C-S-H) has been investigated using batch-type experiments. Synthetic C-S-H phases with varying CaO:SiO2 (C:S) mol ratios, relevant to non-degraded and degraded hardened cement paste, were prepared in the absence of alkalis (Na(I), K(I)) and in an alkali-rich artificial cement pore water (ACW). Two types of experimental approaches have been employed, investigating sorption and co-precipitation processes, respectively. The Sr(II) sorption kinetics were determined as well as sorption isotherms, the effect of the solid to liquid ratio and the composition (C:S ratio) of the C-S-H phases. In addition, the reversibility of the Sr(II) sorption was tested. It was shown that both the sorption and co-precipitation tests resulted in Sr(II) distribution ratios which were similar in value, indicating that the same sites are involved in Sr(II) binding. In alkali-free solutions, the Sr(II) uptake by C-S-H phases was described in terms of a Sr2+–Ca2+ ion exchange model. The selectivity coefficient for the Sr2+–Ca2+ exchange was determined to be 1.2±0.3.
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Submitted on : Thursday, August 24, 2006 - 3:34:35 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 27, 2022 - 4:24:59 AM

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J. Tits, E. Wieland, C.J. Müller, Catherine Landesman, M.H. Bradbury. Strontium binding by calcium silicate hydrates. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Elsevier, 2006, 300, pp.78-87. ⟨10.1016/j.jcis.2006.03.043⟩. ⟨in2p3-00089908⟩

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