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Conference Papers The European Physical Journal. Special Topics Year : 2008

Chiral symmetry, Confinement and Nuclear Matter properties


We discuss the possible influence of fundamental QCD properties such as spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking and nucleon substructure on nuclear matter properties. We propose a chiral version of the relativistic $\sigma-\omega$ model in which the attractive background scalar field is associated with the chiral invariant field governing the radial fluctuations of the quark condensate. Nuclear matter stability is ensured once the scalar response of the nucleon depending on the quark confinement mechanism is properly incorporated. The needed parameters are estimated from lattice results and a satisfactory description of bulk properties follows, the only really free parameter being the $\omega NN$ coupling constant. Pion loops can be also incorporated to obtain in a consistent way the finite density chiral susceptibilities. A good description of the asymmetry energy is obtained once the full rho meson exchange and Fock terms are included.
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in2p3-00172508 , version 1 (17-09-2007)



G. Chanfray, M. Ericson, E. Massot. Chiral symmetry, Confinement and Nuclear Matter properties. International Les Houches School on "Exotic Nuclei: New Challenges", May 2007, Les Houches, France. pp.199-206, ⟨10.1140/epjst/e2008-00617-y⟩. ⟨in2p3-00172508⟩
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