Acoustic and optical variations during rapid downward motion episodes in the deep north-western Mediterranean Sea - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers Year : 2011

Acoustic and optical variations during rapid downward motion episodes in the deep north-western Mediterranean Sea

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H. van Haren
  • Function : Author
J.A. Aguilar
  • Function : Author
G. Anton
  • Function : Author
M. Ardid
  • Function : Author
A.C. Assis Jesus
  • Function : Author
T. Astraatmadja
  • Function : Author
J.-J. Aubert
  • Function : Author
R. Auer
  • Function : Author
M. Bazzotti
  • Function : Author
S. Biagi
  • Function : Author
C. Bigongiari
M. Bou-Cabo
  • Function : Author
M.C. Bouwhuis
  • Function : Author
F. Camarena
  • Function : Author
A. Capone
  • Function : Author
G. Carminati
  • Function : Author
E. Castorina
  • Function : Author
V. Cavasinni
  • Function : Author
S. Cecchini
  • Function : Author
Ph. Charvis
T. Chiarusi
  • Function : Author
M. Circella
  • Function : Author
R. Coniglione
  • Function : Author
H. Costantini
  • Function : Author
G. de Bonis
  • Function : Author
M.P. Decowski
  • Function : Author
Anne Deschamps
C. Distefano
  • Function : Author
T. Eberl
  • Function : Author
U. Emanuele
  • Function : Author
F. Fehr
  • Function : Author
V. Flaminio
  • Function : Author
K. Fratini
  • Function : Author
U. Fritsch
  • Function : Author
J.-L. Fuda
G. Giacomelli
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J.P. Gómez-González
  • Function : Author
K. Graf
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A.J. Heijboer
  • Function : Author
Y. Hello
J.J. Hernández-Rey
  • Function : Author
J. Hössl
  • Function : Author
M. de Jong
N. Kalantar-Nayestanaki
  • Function : Author
O. Kalekin
  • Function : Author
A. Kappes
  • Function : Author
U. Katz
P. Kooijman
  • Function : Author
C. Kopper
  • Function : Author
W. Kretschmer
  • Function : Author
R. Lahmann
  • Function : Author
G. Larosa
  • Function : Author
H. Laschinsky
  • Function : Author
G. Lim
  • Function : Author
D. Lo Presti
  • Function : Author
H. Loehner
  • Function : Author
F. Lucarelli
  • Function : Author
S. Mangano
  • Function : Author
A. Margiotta
  • Function : Author
J.A. Martinez-Mora
  • Function : Author
G. Maurin
  • Function : Author
T. Montaruli
  • Function : Author
M. Morganti
  • Function : Author
H. Motz
  • Function : Author
M. Neff
  • Function : Author
R. Ostasch
  • Function : Author
G. Palioselitis
  • Function : Author
G.E. Păvălaş
  • Function : Author
J. Petrovic
  • Function : Author
P. Piattelli
  • Function : Author
R. Pillet
  • Function : Author
V. Popa
  • Function : Author
E. Presani
  • Function : Author
A. Radu
  • Function : Author
G. Riccobene
  • Function : Author
C. Richardt
  • Function : Author
M. Rujoiu
  • Function : Author
G.V. Russo
  • Function : Author
F. Salesa
  • Function : Author
F. Schoeck
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R. Shanidze
  • Function : Author
F. Simeone
  • Function : Author
M. Spurio
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J.J.M. Steijger
  • Function : Author
S. Toscano
  • Function : Author
M. Vecchi
  • Function : Author
G. Wijnker
  • Function : Author
E. de Wolf
  • Function : Author
H. Yepes
  • Function : Author
D. Zaborov
  • Function : Author
J.D. Zornoza
  • Function : Author
J. Zúñiga
  • Function : Author
M. Anghinolfi
  • Function : Author

Abstract

An Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) was moored at the deep-sea site of the ANTARES neutrino telescope near Toulon, France, thus providing a unique opportunity to compare high-resolution acoustic and optical observations between 70 and 170 m above the sea bed at 2475 m. The ADCP measured downward vertical currents of magnitudes up to 0.03 m s−1 in late winter and early spring 2006. In the same period, observations were made of enhanced levels of acoustic reflection, interpreted as suspended particles including zooplankton, by a factor of about 10 and of horizontal currents reaching 0.35 m s−1. These observations coincided with high light levels detected by the telescope, interpreted as increased bioluminescence. During winter 2006 deep dense-water formation occurred in the Ligurian subbasin, thus providing a possible explanation for these observations. However, the 10-20 days quasi-periodic episodes of high levels of acoustic reflection, light and large vertical currents continuing into the summer are not direct evidence of this process. It is hypothesized that the main process allowing for suspended material to be moved vertically later in the year is local advection, linked with topographic boundary current instabilities along the rim of the 'Northern Current'.

Dates and versions

in2p3-00605777 , version 1 (04-07-2011)

Identifiers

Cite

H. van Haren, I. Taupier-Letage, J.A. Aguilar, A. Albert, G. Anton, et al.. Acoustic and optical variations during rapid downward motion episodes in the deep north-western Mediterranean Sea. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 2011, 58, pp.875-884. ⟨10.1016/j.dsr.2011.06.006⟩. ⟨in2p3-00605777⟩
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