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Charge correlations using the balance function in Pb-Pb collisions at sqrt{s_{NN}} = 2.76 TeV

Abstract : In high-energy heavy-ion collisions, the correlations between the emitted particles can be used as a probe to gain insight into the charge creation mechanisms. In this article, we report the first results of such studies using the electric charge balance function in the relative pseudorapidity \Delta\eta and azimuthal angle \Delta\phi in Pb-Pb collisions at sqrt{s_{NN}} = 2.76 TeV with the ALICE detector at the Large Hadron Collider. The width of the balance function decreases with growing centrality (i.e. for more central collisions) in both projections. This centrality dependence is not reproduced by HIJING, while AMPT, a model which incorporates strings and parton rescattering, exhibits qualitative agreement with the measured correlations in \Delta\phi but fails to describe the correlations in \Delta\eta. A thermal blast wave model incorporating local charge conservation and tuned to describe the p_T spectra and v_2 measurements reported by ALICE, is used to fit the centrality dependence of the width of the balance function and to extract the average separation of balancing charges at freeze-out. The comparison of our results with measurements at lower energies reveals an ordering with sqrt{s_{NN}}: the balance functions become narrower with increasing energy for all centralities. This is consistent with the effect of larger radial flow at the LHC energies but also with the late stage creation scenario of balancing charges. However, the relative decrease of the balance function widths in \Delta\eta and \Delta\phi with centrality from the highest SPS to the LHC energy exhibits only small differences. This observation cannot be interpreted solely within the framework where the majority of the charge is produced at a later stage in the evolution of the heavy-ion collision.
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Contributor : Emmanuelle Vernay Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, January 17, 2013 - 8:55:52 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 27, 2022 - 4:26:09 AM

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B. Abelev, N. Arbor, G. Conesa Balbastre, J. Faivre, C. Furget, et al.. Charge correlations using the balance function in Pb-Pb collisions at sqrt{s_{NN}} = 2.76 TeV. Physics Letters B, Elsevier, 2013, 723, pp.267-279. ⟨10.1016/j.physletb.2013.05.039⟩. ⟨in2p3-00777176⟩



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