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Journal Articles Science Year : 2013

Detection of the Characteristic Pion-Decay Signature in Supernova Remnants

Markus Ackermann , Marco Ajello , A. Allafort , Luca Baldini , Jean Ballet (1) , Guido Barbiellini , M. G. Baring , D. Bastieri , K. Bechtol , R. Bellazzini , R. D. Blandford , E. D. Bloom , E. Bonamente , A. W. Borgland , E. Bottacini , T. J. Brandt (2) , J. Bregeon , M. Brigida , Pascal Bruel (3) , R. Buehler , G. Busetto , S. Buson , G. A. Caliandro , R. A. Cameron , P. A. Caraveo , J. M. Casandjian (1) , C. Cecchi , Ö. Çelik , E. Charles (4) , S. Chaty , R. C. G. Chaves , A. Chekhtman , C. C. Cheung , J. Chiang , G. Chiaro , A. N. Cillis , S. Ciprini , R. Claus , J. Cohen-Tanugi , L. R. Cominsky , J. Conrad , S. Corbel (1) , S. Cutini , F. d'Ammando , A. de Angelis , F. de Palma , C. D. Dermer , E. Do Couto E Silva , P. S. Drell , A. Drlica-Wagner , L. Falletti , C. Favuzzi , E. C. Ferrara , A. Franckowiak , Y. Fukazawa , S. Funk , P. Fusco (5) , F. Gargano (5) , S. Germani , N. Giglietto , P. Giommi , F. Giordano (5) , M. Giroletti , T. Glanzman , G. Godfrey , I. A. Grenier (1) , M.-H. Grondin , J. E. Grove , S. Guiriec , D. Hadasch , Y. Hanabata , A. K. Harding , M. Hayashida , K. Hayashi , E. Hays , J. W. Hewitt , A. B. Hill (6) , R. E. Hughes , M. S. Jackson , T. Jogler , G. Jóhannesson , A. S. Johnson , T. Kamae , J. Kataoka , J. Katsuta , Jürgen Knödlseder , M. Kuss , J. Lande , S. Larsson , L. Latronico , M. Lemoine-Goumard , F. Longo , F. Loparco (5) , M. N. Lovellette , P. Lubrano , G. M. Madejski , F. Massaro , M. Mayer , M. N. Mazziotta , J. E. Mcenery , J. Mehault (7) , P. F. Michelson , R. P. Mignani , W. Mitthumsiri , T. Mizuno , A. A. Moiseev , M. E. Monzani , A. Morselli , I. V. Moskalenko , S. Murgia , T. Nakamori , R. Nemmen , E. Nuss (7) , M. Ohno , T. Ohsugi , N. Omodei , M. Orienti , E. Orlando , J. F. Ormes , D. Paneque , J. S. Perkins , M. Pesce-Rollins , F. Piron (7) , G. Pivato , S. Rainò , R. Rando , M. Razzano , S. Razzaque , A. Reimer , O. Reimer , S. Ritz , C. Romoli , M. Sánchez-Conde , A. Schulz , C. Sgrò , P. E. Simeon , E. J. Siskind , David Stanley Smith (8) , G. Spandre , P. Spinelli , F. W. Stecker , A. W. Strong , D. J. Suson , H. Tajima , H. Takahashi , T. Takahashi , T. Tanaka , J. G. Thayer , J. B. Thayer , D. J. Thompson , S. E. Thorsett , L. Tibaldo , O. Tibolla , M. Tinivella , E. Troja , Y. Uchiyama , T. L. Usher , J. Vandenbroucke , V. Vasileiou (7) , G. Vianello , V. Vitale , A. P. Waite , M. Werner , B. L. Winer , K. S. Wood , M. Wood , R. Yamazaki , Z. Yang , S. Zimmer
Markus Ackermann
  • Function : Author
Marco Ajello
  • Function : Author
A. Allafort
  • Function : Author
Luca Baldini
  • Function : Author
Guido Barbiellini
  • Function : Author
M. G. Baring
  • Function : Author
D. Bastieri
  • Function : Author
K. Bechtol
  • Function : Author
R. Bellazzini
  • Function : Author
R. D. Blandford
  • Function : Author
E. D. Bloom
  • Function : Author
E. Bonamente
  • Function : Author
A. W. Borgland
  • Function : Author
E. Bottacini
  • Function : Author
J. Bregeon
M. Brigida
  • Function : Author
R. Buehler
  • Function : Author
G. Busetto
S. Buson
  • Function : Author
G. A. Caliandro
  • Function : Author
R. A. Cameron
  • Function : Author
P. A. Caraveo
  • Function : Author
C. Cecchi
  • Function : Author
Ö. Çelik
  • Function : Author
S. Chaty
R. C. G. Chaves
  • Function : Author
A. Chekhtman
  • Function : Author
C. C. Cheung
  • Function : Author
J. Chiang
  • Function : Author
G. Chiaro
  • Function : Author
A. N. Cillis
  • Function : Author
S. Ciprini
  • Function : Author
R. Claus
  • Function : Author
J. Cohen-Tanugi
L. R. Cominsky
  • Function : Author
J. Conrad
  • Function : Author
S. Cutini
  • Function : Author
F. d'Ammando
  • Function : Author
A. de Angelis
  • Function : Author
F. de Palma
  • Function : Author
C. D. Dermer
  • Function : Author
E. Do Couto E Silva
  • Function : Author
P. S. Drell
  • Function : Author
A. Drlica-Wagner
  • Function : Author
L. Falletti
  • Function : Author
C. Favuzzi
  • Function : Author
E. C. Ferrara
  • Function : Author
A. Franckowiak
  • Function : Author
Y. Fukazawa
S. Funk
  • Function : Author
S. Germani
  • Function : Author
N. Giglietto
P. Giommi
  • Function : Author
M. Giroletti
  • Function : Author
T. Glanzman
  • Function : Author
G. Godfrey
  • Function : Author
M.-H. Grondin
J. E. Grove
  • Function : Author
S. Guiriec
  • Function : Author
D. Hadasch
Y. Hanabata
  • Function : Author
A. K. Harding
  • Function : Author
M. Hayashida
  • Function : Author
K. Hayashi
  • Function : Author
E. Hays
  • Function : Author
J. W. Hewitt
  • Function : Author
R. E. Hughes
  • Function : Author
M. S. Jackson
  • Function : Author
T. Jogler
  • Function : Author
G. Jóhannesson
  • Function : Author
A. S. Johnson
  • Function : Author
T. Kamae
  • Function : Author
J. Kataoka
  • Function : Author
J. Katsuta
  • Function : Author
Jürgen Knödlseder
M. Kuss
  • Function : Author
J. Lande
  • Function : Author
S. Larsson
  • Function : Author
L. Latronico
  • Function : Author
M. Lemoine-Goumard
F. Longo
M. N. Lovellette
  • Function : Author
P. Lubrano
  • Function : Author
G. M. Madejski
  • Function : Author
F. Massaro
  • Function : Author
M. Mayer
  • Function : Author
M. N. Mazziotta
  • Function : Author
J. E. Mcenery
  • Function : Author
P. F. Michelson
  • Function : Author
R. P. Mignani
  • Function : Author
W. Mitthumsiri
  • Function : Author
T. Mizuno
  • Function : Author
A. A. Moiseev
  • Function : Author
M. E. Monzani
  • Function : Author
A. Morselli
  • Function : Author
I. V. Moskalenko
  • Function : Author
S. Murgia
  • Function : Author
T. Nakamori
R. Nemmen
  • Function : Author
M. Ohno
  • Function : Author
T. Ohsugi
  • Function : Author
N. Omodei
  • Function : Author
M. Orienti
  • Function : Author
E. Orlando
  • Function : Author
J. F. Ormes
  • Function : Author
D. Paneque
J. S. Perkins
  • Function : Author
M. Pesce-Rollins
G. Pivato
  • Function : Author
S. Rainò
  • Function : Author
R. Rando
  • Function : Author
M. Razzano
  • Function : Author
S. Razzaque
  • Function : Author
A. Reimer
O. Reimer
  • Function : Author
S. Ritz
  • Function : Author
C. Romoli
M. Sánchez-Conde
  • Function : Author
A. Schulz
  • Function : Author
C. Sgrò
  • Function : Author
P. E. Simeon
  • Function : Author
E. J. Siskind
  • Function : Author
David Stanley Smith
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 866129
G. Spandre
  • Function : Author
P. Spinelli
  • Function : Author
F. W. Stecker
  • Function : Author
A. W. Strong
  • Function : Author
D. J. Suson
  • Function : Author
H. Tajima
  • Function : Author
H. Takahashi
  • Function : Author
T. Takahashi
  • Function : Author
T. Tanaka
J. G. Thayer
  • Function : Author
J. B. Thayer
  • Function : Author
D. J. Thompson
  • Function : Author
S. E. Thorsett
  • Function : Author
L. Tibaldo
  • Function : Author
O. Tibolla
  • Function : Author
M. Tinivella
  • Function : Author
E. Troja
  • Function : Author
Y. Uchiyama
  • Function : Author
T. L. Usher
  • Function : Author
J. Vandenbroucke
  • Function : Author
G. Vianello
  • Function : Author
V. Vitale
A. P. Waite
  • Function : Author
M. Werner
B. L. Winer
  • Function : Author
K. S. Wood
  • Function : Author
M. Wood
  • Function : Author
R. Yamazaki
  • Function : Author
Z. Yang
  • Function : Author
S. Zimmer
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Cosmic rays are particles (mostly protons) accelerated to relativistic speeds. Despite wide agreement that supernova remnants (SNRs) are the sources of galactic cosmic rays, unequivocal evidence for the acceleration of protons in these objects is still lacking. When accelerated protons encounter interstellar material, they produce neutral pions, which in turn decay into gamma rays. This offers a compelling way to detect the acceleration sites of protons. The identification of pion-decay gamma rays has been difficult because high-energy electrons also produce gamma rays via bremsstrahlung and inverse Compton scattering. We detected the characteristic pion-decay feature in the gamma-ray spectra of two SNRs, IC 443 and W44, with the Fermi Large Area Telescope. This detection provides direct evidence that cosmic-ray protons are accelerated in SNRs.

Dates and versions

in2p3-00824307 , version 1 (21-05-2013)

Identifiers

Cite

Markus Ackermann, Marco Ajello, A. Allafort, Luca Baldini, Jean Ballet, et al.. Detection of the Characteristic Pion-Decay Signature in Supernova Remnants. Science, 2013, 339, pp.807-811. ⟨10.1126/science.1231160⟩. ⟨in2p3-00824307⟩
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