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Recherche de leptoquarks de troisième génération dans l’expérience CMS au LHC

Abstract : Installed on the LHC (Large Hadron Collider) ring, the CMS experiment (Compact Muon Solenoid) recorded a great amount of proton-proton collisions data from 2009 to 2012 at center of mass energies of 7 TeV and 8 TeV. This experiment was designed for precise measurements of the Standard Model parameters, for Higgs boson studies and to test theories beyond the standard model. Some of these theories foresee the existence of leptoquarks which are new bosons with couplings to both leptons and quarks. The first part of this thesis is dedicated to a presentation of the Standard Model and to a leptoquarks theoretical introducion. The second one briefly explains how the LHC and the CMS experiment work. The third part details the work accomplished during the first year of my thesis in the CMS generator group. Finaly, the last one deals with data analysis and the search of third generation leptoquarks pair production. Three LQ desintegration channels are investigated : to a top quark and a tau lepton, to a top quark and a neutrino and at last to a top quark and a muon. This study is based on the full integrated luminosity recorded during 2012, namely 19.7 fb. Various selections requiring at least one lepton and several jets are scrutinized in order to identify the regions with best signal efficiency regarding to Standard model backgrounds. Finally, a selection optimisation on discriminative variables is performed to extract the best 95 No significative excess with respect to Standard Model expectations was found. Thus we were able to set limits on the leptoquarks pair production cross sections. Third generation leptoquarks with masses below 320 GeV, 240 GeV and 910 GeV are excluded for the top tau, top nu and top mu channels, respectively
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Julien Chasserat. Recherche de leptoquarks de troisième génération dans l’expérience CMS au LHC. Physique des Hautes Energies - Expérience [hep-ex]. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LYO10033⟩. ⟨tel-01101421⟩

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