Optical Signatures Derived From Deep UV to NIR Excitation Discriminates Healthy Samples From Low and High Grades Glioma - Imagerie et Modélisation en Neurobiologie et Cancérologie Access content directly
Journal Articles Scientific Reports Year : 2019

Optical Signatures Derived From Deep UV to NIR Excitation Discriminates Healthy Samples From Low and High Grades Glioma

Abstract

Among all the tumors of the central nervous system (CNS), glioma are the most deadly and the most malignant. Surgical resection is the standard therapeutic method to treat this type of brain cancer. But the diffusive character of these tumors create many problems for surgeons during the operation. In fact, these tumors migrate outside the tumor solid zone and invade the surrounding healthy tissues. These infiltrative tissues have the same visual appearance as healthy tissues, making it very difficult for surgeons to distinguish the healthy ones from the diffused ones. The surgeon, therefore, cannot properly remove the tumor margins increasing the recurrence risk of the tumor. To resolve this problem, our team has developed a multimodal two-photon fibered endomicroscope, compatible with the surgeon trocar, to better delimitate tumor boundaries by relying on the endogenous fluorescence of brain tissues. In this context, and in order to characterize the optical signature of glioma tumors, this study offers multimodal and multi-scaled optical measurements from healthy tissues to high grade glioma. We can interrogate tissue from deep ultra-violet to near infrared excitation by working with spectroscopy, fluorescence lifetime imaging, two-photon fluorescene imaging and Second Harmonic Generation (SHG) imaging. Optically derived ratios such as the Tryptophan/Collagen ratio, the optical redox ratio and the long lifetime intensity fraction, discriminated diseased tissue from its normal counterparts when fitted by Gaussian ellipsoids and choosing a threshold for each. Additionally two-photon fluorescence and SHG images were shown to display similar histological features as Hematoxylin-Eosin stained images.
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Dates and versions

hal-02165550 , version 1 (05-12-2023)

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Hussein Mehidine, Audrey Chalumeau, Fanny Poulon, Frédéric Jamme, Pascale Varlet, et al.. Optical Signatures Derived From Deep UV to NIR Excitation Discriminates Healthy Samples From Low and High Grades Glioma. Scientific Reports, 2019, 9 (1), pp.8786. ⟨10.1038/s41598-019-45181-4⟩. ⟨hal-02165550⟩
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