Upper limit on the cosmic-ray photon flux above 10^19 eV using the surface detector of the Pierre Auger Observatory - IN2P3 - Institut national de physique nucléaire et de physique des particules Access content directly
Journal Articles Astroparticle Physics Year : 2008

Upper limit on the cosmic-ray photon flux above 10^19 eV using the surface detector of the Pierre Auger Observatory

J. Abraham , P. Abreu , M. Aglietta , C. Aguirre , D. Allard (1) , I. Allekotte , J. Allen , P. Allison , C. Alvarez , J. Alvarez-Muniz , M. Ambrosio , L. Anchordoqui , S. Andringa , A. Anzalone , C. Aramo , S. Argir'O , K. Arisaka , E. Armengaud (2) , F. Arneodo , F. Arqueros , T. Asch , H. Asorey , P. Assis , B.S. Atulugama , J. Aublin (3) , M. Ave , G. Avila , T. Backer , D. Badagnani , A.F. Barbosa , D. Barnhill , S.L.C. Barroso , P. Bauleo , J. Beatty , T. Beau (2) , B.R. Becker , K.H. Becker , J.A. Bellido , S. Benzvi , C. Berat (4) , T. Bergmann , P. Bernardini , X. Bertou , P.L. Biermann , P. Billoir (3) , O. Blanch-Bigas (3) , F. Blanco , P. Blasi , C. Bleve , H. Blumer , M. Bohacova , C. Bonifazi (3) , R. Bonino , M. Boratav (3) , J. Brack , P. Brogueira , W.C. Brown , P. Buchholz , A. Bueno , R.E. Burton , N.G. Busca (5) , K.S. Caballero-Mora , B. Cai , D.V. Camin , L. Caramete , R. Caruso , W. Carvalho , A. Castellina , O. Catalano , G. Cataldi , L. Cazon-Boado , R. Cester , J. Chauvin (4) , A. Chiavassa , J.A. Chinellato , A. Chou , J. Chye , P.D.J. Clark , R.W. Clay , E. Colombo , R. Conceicao , B. Connolly , F. Contreras , J. Coppens , A. Cordier (6) , U. Cotti , S. Coutu , C.E. Covault , A. Creusot , J. Cronin , A. Curutiu , S. Dagoret-Campagne (6) , K. Daumiller , B.R. Dawson , R.M. de Almeida , C. de Donato , S.J. de Jong , G. de La Vega , W.J.M. de Mello Junior , J.R.T. de Mello Neto , I. De , V. de Souza , L. del Peral , O. Deligny (7) , A. Della Selva , C. Delle Fratte , H. Dembinski , C. Di Giulio , J.C. Diaz , C. Dobrigkeit , J.C. d'Olivo , D. Dornic , A. Dorofeev , J.C. dos Anjos , M.T. Dova , D. d'Urso , I. Dutan , M.A. Duvernois , R. Engel , L. Epele , M. Erdmann , C.O. Escobar , A. Etchegoyen , P. Facal San Luis , H. Falcke , G. Farrar , A.C. Fauth , N. Fazzini , A. Fern'Andez , F. Ferrer , S. Ferry , B. Fick , A. Filevich , A. Filipcic , I. Fleck , R. Fonte , C.E. Fracchiolla , W. Fulgione , B. Garcia , D. Garcia Gamez , D. Garcia-Pinto , X. Garrido (6) , H. Geenen , G. Gelmini , H. Gemmeke , P.L. Ghia , M. Giller , H. Glass , M.S. Gold , G. Golup , F. Gomez Albarracin , M. Gomez , R. Gomez Herrero , P. Goncalves , M. Goncalves Do Amaral , D. Gonzalez , J.G. Gonzalez , M. Gonzalez , D. Gora , A. Gorgi , P. Gouffon , V. Grassi , A.F. Grillo , C. Grunfeld , Y. Guardincerri , F. Guarino , G.P. Guedes , J. Gutierrez , J.D. Hague , J.-C. Hamilton (5) , P. Hansen , D. Harari , S. Harmsma , J.L. Harton , A. Haungs , T. Hauschildt , M.D. Healy , T. Hebbeker , D. Heck , C. Hojvat , V.C. Holmes , P. Homola , J. Horandel , A. Horneffer , M. Horvat , M. Hrabovsky , T. Huege , M. Iarlori , A. Insolia , F. Ionita , A. Italiano , M. Kaducak , K.H. Kampert , T. Karova , B. K'Egl , B. Keilhauer , E. Kemp , R.M. Kieckhafer , H.O. Klages , M. Kleifges , J. Kleinfeller , R. Knapik , J. Knapp , D.H. Koang (4) , A. Kopmann , A. Krieger , O. Kromer , D. Kumpel , N. Kunka , A. Kusenko , G. La Rosa , C. Lachaud (2) , B.L. Lago , D. Lebrun (4) , P. Lebrun , J. R. Lee , M.A. Leigui De Oliveira , A. Letessier-Selvon (3) , M. Leuthold , I. Lhenry-Yvon (7) , R. Lopez , A. Lopez , J. Lozano Bahilo , M.C. Maccarone , C. Macolino , S. Maldera , M. Malek , G. Mancarella , M.E. Mancenido , D. Mandat , P. Mantsch , A.G. Mariazzi , I.C. Maris , D. Martello , J. Martinez , O. Martinez Bravo , H.J. Mathes , J. Matthews , J.A.J. Matthews , G. Matthiae , D. Maurizio , P.O. Mazur , T. Mccauley , M. Mcewen , R.R. Mcneil , M.C. Medina , G. Medina-Tanco , A. Meli , D. Melo , E. Menichetti , A. Menschikov , Chr. Meurer , R. Meyhandan , M.I. Micheletti , G. Miele , W. Miller , S. Mollerach , M. Monasor , D. Monnier Ragaigne (6) , F. Montanet (4) , B. Morales , C. Morello , E. Moreno , J.C. Moreno , C. Morris , M. Mostaf'A , M.A. Muller , R. Mussa , G. Navarra , J.L. Navarro , S. Navas , P. Necesal , L. Nellen , C. Newman-Holmes , D. Newton , T. Nguyen Thi , N. Nierstenhofer , D. Nitz , D. Nosek , L. Nozka , J. Oehlschlager , T. Ohnuki , A. Olinto (2) , V.M. Olmos-Gilbaja , M. Ortiz , S. Ostapchenko , L. Otero , D. Pakk Selmi-Dei , M. Palatka , J. Pallotta , G. Parente , E. Parizot , S. Parlati , S. Pastor , M. Patel , T. Paul , V. Pavlidou , K. Payet (4) , M. Pech , J. Pekala , R. Pelayo , I.M. Pepe , L. Perrone , S. Petrera , P. Petrinca , Y. Petrov , Diep Pham Ngoc , Dong Pham Ngoc , T.N. Pham Thi , A. Pichel , R. Piegaia , T. Pierog , M. Pimenta , T. Pinto , V. Pirronello , O. Pisanti , M. Platino , J. Pochon , T.A. Porter , P. Privitera , M. Prouza , E.J. Quel , J. Rautenberg , S. Reucroft , Benoît Revenu (2) , F.A.S. Rezende , J. Ridky , S. Riggi , M. Risse , C. Rivière (4) , V. Rizi , M. Roberts , C. Robledo , G. Rodriguez , D. Rodriguez Frias , J. Rodriguez Martino , J. Rodriguez , I. Rodriguez-Cabo , G. Ros , J. Rosado , M. Roth , B. Rouille-d'Orfeuil (2) , E. Roulet , A.C. Rovero , F. Salamida , H. Salazar , G. Salina , F. Sanchez , M. Santander , C.E. Santo , E.M. Santos (3) , F. Sarazin , S. Sarkar , R. Sato , V. Scherini , H. Schieler , F. Schmidt , T. Schmidt , O. Scholten , P. Schovanek , F. Schussler , S.J. Sciutto , M. Scuderi , A. Segreto , D.V. Semikoz (8) , M. Settimo , R.C. Shellard , I. Sidelnik , B.B. Siffert , G. Sigl (8) , N. Smetniansky , De Grande , A. Smiałkowski , R. Smida , A.G.K. Smith , B.E. Smith , G.R. Snow , P. Sokolsky , P. Sommers , J. Sorokin , H. Spinka , R. Squartini , E. Strazzeri , A. Stutz (4) , F. Suarez , T. Suomijarvi (7) , A.D. Supanitsky , M.S. Sutherland , J. Swain , Z. Szadkowski , J. Takahashi , A. Tamashiro , A. Tamburro , O. Tascau , R. Tcaciuc , D. Thomas , R. Ticona , J. Tiffenberg , C. Timmermans , W. Tkaczyk , C.J. Todero Peixoto , B. Tome , A. Tonachini , D. Torresi , P. Travnicek , A. Tripathi , G. Tristram (2) , D. Tscherniakhovski , M. Tueros , V. Tunnicliffe , R. Ulrich , M. Unger , Martin Urban (6) , J.F. Valdes Galicia , I. Valino , L. Valore , A.M. van den Berg , V. van Elewyck (7) , R.A. Vazquez , D. Veberic , A. Veiga , A. Velarde , T. Venters (2) , V. Verzi , M. Videla , L. Villasenor , S. Vorobiov (9) , L. Voyvodic , O. Wainberg , P. Walker , D. Warner , A.A. Watson , S. Westerhoff , G. Wieczorek , L. Wiencke , B. Wilczynska , H. Wilczynski , C. Wileman , M.G. Winnick , H. Wu , B. Wundheiler , J. Xu , T. Yamamoto , P. Younk , E. Zas , D. Zavrtanik , M. Zavrtanik , A. Zech (3) , A. Zepeda , M. Ziolkowski , C. Roucelle (3)
J. Abraham
  • Function : Author
P. Abreu
  • Function : Author
M. Aglietta
  • Function : Author
C. Aguirre
  • Function : Author
D. Allard
I. Allekotte
  • Function : Author
J. Allen
  • Function : Author
P. Allison
  • Function : Author
C. Alvarez
  • Function : Author
J. Alvarez-Muniz
  • Function : Author
M. Ambrosio
  • Function : Author
L. Anchordoqui
  • Function : Author
S. Andringa
  • Function : Author
A. Anzalone
  • Function : Author
C. Aramo
  • Function : Author
S. Argir'O
  • Function : Author
K. Arisaka
  • Function : Author
E. Armengaud
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 980046
  • IdRef : 117614165
F. Arneodo
  • Function : Author
F. Arqueros
  • Function : Author
T. Asch
  • Function : Author
H. Asorey
  • Function : Author
P. Assis
  • Function : Author
B.S. Atulugama
  • Function : Author
M. Ave
  • Function : Author
G. Avila
  • Function : Author
T. Backer
  • Function : Author
D. Badagnani
  • Function : Author
A.F. Barbosa
  • Function : Author
D. Barnhill
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S.L.C. Barroso
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P. Bauleo
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J. Beatty
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B.R. Becker
  • Function : Author
K.H. Becker
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J.A. Bellido
  • Function : Author
S. Benzvi
  • Function : Author
T. Bergmann
  • Function : Author
P. Bernardini
  • Function : Author
X. Bertou
  • Function : Author
P.L. Biermann
  • Function : Author
F. Blanco
  • Function : Author
P. Blasi
  • Function : Author
C. Bleve
  • Function : Author
H. Blumer
  • Function : Author
M. Bohacova
  • Function : Author
R. Bonino
  • Function : Author
J. Brack
  • Function : Author
P. Brogueira
  • Function : Author
W.C. Brown
  • Function : Author
P. Buchholz
  • Function : Author
A. Bueno
  • Function : Author
R.E. Burton
  • Function : Author
N.G. Busca
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K.S. Caballero-Mora
  • Function : Author
B. Cai
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D.V. Camin
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L. Caramete
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R. Caruso
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W. Carvalho
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A. Castellina
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O. Catalano
  • Function : Author
G. Cataldi
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L. Cazon-Boado
  • Function : Author
R. Cester
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A. Chiavassa
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J.A. Chinellato
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A. Chou
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J. Chye
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P.D.J. Clark
  • Function : Author
R.W. Clay
  • Function : Author
E. Colombo
R. Conceicao
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B. Connolly
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F. Contreras
  • Function : Author
J. Coppens
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U. Cotti
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S. Coutu
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C.E. Covault
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A. Creusot
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J. Cronin
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A. Curutiu
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K. Daumiller
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B.R. Dawson
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R.M. de Almeida
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C. de Donato
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S.J. de Jong
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G. de La Vega
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W.J.M. de Mello Junior
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J.R.T. de Mello Neto
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I. De
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V. de Souza
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L. del Peral
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A. Della Selva
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C. Delle Fratte
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H. Dembinski
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C. Di Giulio
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J.C. Diaz
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C. Dobrigkeit
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J.C. d'Olivo
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D. Dornic
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A. Dorofeev
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J.C. dos Anjos
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M.T. Dova
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D. d'Urso
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I. Dutan
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M.A. Duvernois
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R. Engel
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L. Epele
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M. Erdmann
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C.O. Escobar
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A. Etchegoyen
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P. Facal San Luis
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H. Falcke
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G. Farrar
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A.C. Fauth
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N. Fazzini
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A. Fern'Andez
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F. Ferrer
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S. Ferry
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B. Fick
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A. Filevich
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A. Filipcic
  • Function : Author
I. Fleck
  • Function : Author
R. Fonte
  • Function : Author
C.E. Fracchiolla
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W. Fulgione
  • Function : Author
B. Garcia
  • Function : Author
D. Garcia Gamez
  • Function : Author
D. Garcia-Pinto
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H. Geenen
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G. Gelmini
  • Function : Author
H. Gemmeke
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P.L. Ghia
  • Function : Author
M. Giller
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H. Glass
  • Function : Author
M.S. Gold
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G. Golup
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F. Gomez Albarracin
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M. Gomez
  • Function : Author
R. Gomez Herrero
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P. Goncalves
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M. Goncalves Do Amaral
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D. Gonzalez
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J.G. Gonzalez
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M. Gonzalez
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D. Gora
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A. Gorgi
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P. Gouffon
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V. Grassi
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A.F. Grillo
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C. Grunfeld
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Y. Guardincerri
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F. Guarino
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G.P. Guedes
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J. Gutierrez
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J.D. Hague
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J.-C. Hamilton
P. Hansen
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D. Harari
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S. Harmsma
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J.L. Harton
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A. Haungs
  • Function : Author
T. Hauschildt
  • Function : Author
M.D. Healy
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T. Hebbeker
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D. Heck
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C. Hojvat
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V.C. Holmes
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P. Homola
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J. Horandel
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A. Horneffer
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M. Horvat
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M. Hrabovsky
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T. Huege
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M. Iarlori
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A. Insolia
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F. Ionita
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A. Italiano
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M. Kaducak
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K.H. Kampert
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T. Karova
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B. K'Egl
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B. Keilhauer
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E. Kemp
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R.M. Kieckhafer
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H.O. Klages
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M. Kleifges
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J. Kleinfeller
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R. Knapik
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J. Knapp
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A. Kopmann
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A. Krieger
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O. Kromer
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D. Kumpel
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N. Kunka
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A. Kusenko
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G. La Rosa
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B.L. Lago
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P. Lebrun
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J. R. Lee
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M.A. Leigui De Oliveira
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M. Leuthold
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R. Lopez
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A. Lopez
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J. Lozano Bahilo
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M.C. Maccarone
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C. Macolino
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S. Maldera
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M. Malek
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G. Mancarella
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M.E. Mancenido
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D. Mandat
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P. Mantsch
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A.G. Mariazzi
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I.C. Maris
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D. Martello
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J. Martinez
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O. Martinez Bravo
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H.J. Mathes
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J. Matthews
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J.A.J. Matthews
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G. Matthiae
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D. Maurizio
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P.O. Mazur
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T. Mccauley
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M. Mcewen
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R.R. Mcneil
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M.C. Medina
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G. Medina-Tanco
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A. Meli
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D. Melo
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E. Menichetti
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A. Menschikov
  • Function : Author
Chr. Meurer
  • Function : Author
R. Meyhandan
  • Function : Author
M.I. Micheletti
  • Function : Author
G. Miele
  • Function : Author
W. Miller
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S. Mollerach
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M. Monasor
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B. Morales
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C. Morello
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E. Moreno
  • Function : Author
J.C. Moreno
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C. Morris
  • Function : Author
M. Mostaf'A
  • Function : Author
M.A. Muller
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R. Mussa
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G. Navarra
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J.L. Navarro
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S. Navas
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P. Necesal
  • Function : Author
L. Nellen
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C. Newman-Holmes
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D. Newton
  • Function : Author
T. Nguyen Thi
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N. Nierstenhofer
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D. Nitz
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D. Nosek
  • Function : Author
L. Nozka
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J. Oehlschlager
  • Function : Author
T. Ohnuki
  • Function : Author
V.M. Olmos-Gilbaja
  • Function : Author
M. Ortiz
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S. Ostapchenko
  • Function : Author
L. Otero
  • Function : Author
D. Pakk Selmi-Dei
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M. Palatka
  • Function : Author
J. Pallotta
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G. Parente
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E. Parizot
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S. Parlati
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S. Pastor
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M. Patel
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T. Paul
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V. Pavlidou
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M. Pech
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J. Pekala
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R. Pelayo
  • Function : Author
I.M. Pepe
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L. Perrone
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S. Petrera
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P. Petrinca
  • Function : Author
Y. Petrov
  • Function : Author
Diep Pham Ngoc
  • Function : Author
Dong Pham Ngoc
  • Function : Author
T.N. Pham Thi
  • Function : Author
A. Pichel
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R. Piegaia
  • Function : Author
T. Pierog
  • Function : Author
M. Pimenta
  • Function : Author
T. Pinto
  • Function : Author
V. Pirronello
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O. Pisanti
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M. Platino
  • Function : Author
J. Pochon
  • Function : Author
T.A. Porter
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P. Privitera
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M. Prouza
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E.J. Quel
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J. Rautenberg
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S. Reucroft
  • Function : Author
Benoît Revenu
F.A.S. Rezende
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J. Ridky
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S. Riggi
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M. Risse
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V. Rizi
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M. Roberts
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C. Robledo
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G. Rodriguez
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D. Rodriguez Frias
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J. Rodriguez Martino
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J. Rodriguez
I. Rodriguez-Cabo
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G. Ros
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J. Rosado
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M. Roth
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E. Roulet
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A.C. Rovero
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F. Salamida
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H. Salazar
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G. Salina
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F. Sanchez
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M. Santander
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C.E. Santo
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F. Sarazin
  • Function : Author
S. Sarkar
  • Function : Author
R. Sato
  • Function : Author
V. Scherini
  • Function : Author
H. Schieler
  • Function : Author
F. Schmidt
  • Function : Author
T. Schmidt
  • Function : Author
O. Scholten
  • Function : Author
P. Schovanek
  • Function : Author
F. Schussler
  • Function : Author
S.J. Sciutto
  • Function : Author
M. Scuderi
  • Function : Author
A. Segreto
  • Function : Author
D.V. Semikoz
  • Function : Author
M. Settimo
R.C. Shellard
  • Function : Author
I. Sidelnik
  • Function : Author
B.B. Siffert
  • Function : Author
G. Sigl
  • Function : Author
N. Smetniansky
  • Function : Author
De Grande
  • Function : Author
A. Smiałkowski
  • Function : Author
R. Smida
  • Function : Author
A.G.K. Smith
  • Function : Author
B.E. Smith
  • Function : Author
G.R. Snow
  • Function : Author
P. Sokolsky
  • Function : Author
P. Sommers
  • Function : Author
J. Sorokin
  • Function : Author
H. Spinka
  • Function : Author
R. Squartini
  • Function : Author
E. Strazzeri
  • Function : Author
A. Stutz
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F. Suarez
  • Function : Author
A.D. Supanitsky
  • Function : Author
M.S. Sutherland
  • Function : Author
J. Swain
  • Function : Author
Z. Szadkowski
  • Function : Author
J. Takahashi
  • Function : Author
A. Tamashiro
  • Function : Author
A. Tamburro
  • Function : Author
O. Tascau
  • Function : Author
R. Tcaciuc
  • Function : Author
D. Thomas
  • Function : Author
R. Ticona
  • Function : Author
J. Tiffenberg
  • Function : Author
C. Timmermans
  • Function : Author
W. Tkaczyk
  • Function : Author
C.J. Todero Peixoto
  • Function : Author
B. Tome
  • Function : Author
A. Tonachini
  • Function : Author
D. Torresi
  • Function : Author
P. Travnicek
  • Function : Author
A. Tripathi
  • Function : Author
D. Tscherniakhovski
  • Function : Author
M. Tueros
  • Function : Author
V. Tunnicliffe
  • Function : Author
R. Ulrich
  • Function : Author
M. Unger
  • Function : Author
J.F. Valdes Galicia
  • Function : Author
I. Valino
  • Function : Author
L. Valore
  • Function : Author
A.M. van den Berg
  • Function : Author
R.A. Vazquez
  • Function : Author
D. Veberic
  • Function : Author
A. Veiga
  • Function : Author
A. Velarde
  • Function : Author
V. Verzi
  • Function : Author
M. Videla
  • Function : Author
L. Villasenor
  • Function : Author
L. Voyvodic
  • Function : Author
O. Wainberg
  • Function : Author
P. Walker
  • Function : Author
D. Warner
  • Function : Author
A.A. Watson
  • Function : Author
S. Westerhoff
  • Function : Author
G. Wieczorek
  • Function : Author
L. Wiencke
  • Function : Author
B. Wilczynska
  • Function : Author
H. Wilczynski
  • Function : Author
C. Wileman
  • Function : Author
M.G. Winnick
  • Function : Author
H. Wu
  • Function : Author
B. Wundheiler
  • Function : Author
J. Xu
  • Function : Author
T. Yamamoto
P. Younk
  • Function : Author
E. Zas
  • Function : Author
D. Zavrtanik
  • Function : Author
M. Zavrtanik
  • Function : Author
A. Zepeda
  • Function : Author
M. Ziolkowski
  • Function : Author

Abstract

A method is developed to search for air showers initiated by photons using data recorded by the surface detector of the Auger Observatory. The approach is based on observables sensitive to the longitudinal shower development, the signal risetime and the curvature of the shower front. Applying this method to the data, upper limits on the flux of photons of 3.8*10^-3, 2.5*10^-3, and 2.2*10^-3 km^-2 sr^-1 yr^-1 above 10^19 eV, 2*10^19 eV, and 4*10^19 eV are derived, with corresponding limits on the fraction of photons being 2.0%, 5.1%, and 31% (all limits at 95% c.l.). These photon limits disfavor certain exotic models of sources of cosmic rays. The results also show that the approach adopted by the Auger Observatory to calibrate the shower energy is not strongly biased by a contamination from photons.

Dates and versions

in2p3-00195138 , version 1 (10-12-2007)

Identifiers

Cite

J. Abraham, P. Abreu, M. Aglietta, C. Aguirre, D. Allard, et al.. Upper limit on the cosmic-ray photon flux above 10^19 eV using the surface detector of the Pierre Auger Observatory. Astroparticle Physics, 2008, 29, pp.243-256. ⟨10.1016/j.astropartphys.2008.01.003⟩. ⟨in2p3-00195138⟩
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