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Planck intermediate results. VII. Statistical properties of infrared and radio extragalactic sources from the Planck Early Release Compact Source Catalogue at frequencies between 100 and 857 GHz

Planck Collaboration P.A.R. Ade N. Aghanim F. Argüeso M. Arnaud M. Ashdown F. Atrio-Barandela J. Aumont C. Baccigalupi A. Balbi A. J. Banday R. B. Barreiro E. Battaner K. Benabed A. Benoit 1 J. -P. Bernard M. Bersanelli M. Bethermin R. Bhatia A. Bonaldi J. R. Bond J. Borrill F. R. Bouchet C. Burigana P. Cabella J.-F. Cardoso 2 A. Catalano 3 L. Cayón A. Chamballu R. -R. Chary X. Chen L. -y Chiang P. R. Christensen D. L. Clements S. Colafrancesco S. Colombi L. P. L. Colombo A. Coulais B. P. Crill F. Cuttaia L. Danese R. J. Davis P. de Bernardis G. de Gasperis G. de Zotti J. Delabrouille 2 C. Dickinson J. M. Diego H. Dole S. Donzelli O. Doré U. Dörl M. Douspis X. Dupac G. Efstathiou T. A. Ensslin H. K. Eriksen F. Finelli O. Forni P. Fosalba M. Frailis E. Franceschi S. Galeotta K. Ganga 4 M. Giard G. Giardino Y. Giraud-Héraud 4 J. González-Nuevo K. M. Górski A. Gregorio A. Gruppuso F. K. Hansen D. Harrison S. Henrot-Versillé 5 C. Hernández-Monteagudo D. Herranz S. R. Hildebrandt E. Hivon M. Hobson W. A. Holmes T. R. Jaffe A. H. Jaffe T. Jagemann W. C. Jones M. Juvela E. Keihänen T. S. Kisner R. Kneissl J. Knoche L. Knox M. Kunz N. Kurinsky H. Kurki-Suonio Guilaine Lagache A. Lähteenmäki J. -M. Lamarre A. Lasenby C. R. Lawrence R. Leonardi P. B. Lilje M. López-Caniego J.F. Macías-Pérez 3 D. Maino N. Mandolesi M. Maris D. J. Marshall E. Martínez-González S. Masi M. Massardi S. Matarrese P. Mazzotta A. Melchiorri L. Mendes A. Mennella Subhabrata Mitra M. -A. Miville-Deschênes A. Moneti L. Montier G. Morgante D. Mortlock D. Munshi J. A. Murphy P. Naselsky F. Nati P. Natoli H. U. Nørgaard-Nielsen F. Noviello D. Novikov I. Novikov S. Osborne F. Pajot R. Paladini D. Paoletti B. Partridge F. Pasian G. Patanchon 4 O. Perdereau 5 L. Perotto 3 F. Perrotta F. Piacentini M. Piat 4 E. Pierpaoli Stéphane Plaszczynski 5 E. Pointecouteau G. Polenta N. Ponthieu L. Popa T. Poutanen G. W. Pratt S. Prunet J. -L. Puget J. P. Rachen W. T. Reach R. Rebolo M. Reinecke C. Renault 3 S. Ricciardi T. Riller I. Ristorcelli G. Rocha C. Rosset 4 M. Rowan-Robinson J. A. Rubiño-Martín B. Rusholme A. Sajina M. Sandri G. Savini D. Scott G.F. Smoot 4 Jean-Luc Starck R. Sudiwala A. -S. Suur-Uski J. -F. Sygnet J. A. Tauber L. Terenzi L. Toffolatti M. Tomasi M. Tristram 5 M. Tucci 5 M. Türler L. Valenziano B. van Tent P. Vielva Francesca Villa N. Vittorio L. A. Wade B. D. Wandelt M. White D. Yvon A. Zacchei A. Zonca 
2 APC-Gravitation - APC - Gravitation
APC (UMR_7164) - AstroParticule et Cosmologie, AEI - Max-Planck-Institut für Gravitationsphysik ( Albert-Einstein-Institut )
4 APC - Cosmologie
APC (UMR_7164) - AstroParticule et Cosmologie
Abstract : (abridged for arXiv) We make use of the Planck all-sky survey to derive number counts and spectral indices of extragalactic sources -- infrared and radio sources -- from the Planck Early Catalogue (ERCSC) at 100 to 857GHz. Our sample contains, after the 80% completeness cut, between 122 and 452 and sources, with flux densities above 0.3 and 1.9Jy at 100 and 857GHz, over about 31 to 40% of the sky. Using Planck HFI, all the sources have been classified as either dust-dominated or synchrotron-dominated on the basis of their spectral energy distributions (SED). Our sample is thus complete, flux-limited and color-selected to differentiate between the two populations. We find an approximately equal number of synchrotron and dusty sources between 217 and 353GHz; at 353GHz or higher (or 217GHz and lower) frequencies, the number is dominated by dusty (synchrotron) sources, as expected. For most of the sources, the spectral indices are also derived. We provide for the first time counts of bright sources from 353 to 857GHz and the contributions from dusty and synchrotron sources at all HFI frequencies in the key spectral range where these spectra are crossing. The observed counts are in the Euclidean regime. The number counts are compared to previously published data (earlier Planck, Herschel, BLAST, SCUBA, LABOCA, SPT, and ACT) and models taking into account both radio or infrared galaxies. We derive the multi-frequency Euclidean level and compare it to WMAP, Spitzer and IRAS results. The submillimetre number counts are not well reproduced by current evolution models of dusty galaxies, whereas the millimetre part appears reasonably well fitted by the most recent model for synchrotron-dominated sources. Finally we provide estimates of the local luminosity density of dusty galaxies, providing the first such measurements at 545 and 857GHz.
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 21, 2013 - 1:56:36 PM
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Planck Collaboration, P.A.R. Ade, N. Aghanim, F. Argüeso, M. Arnaud, et al.. Planck intermediate results. VII. Statistical properties of infrared and radio extragalactic sources from the Planck Early Release Compact Source Catalogue at frequencies between 100 and 857 GHz. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2013, 550, pp.A133. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/201220053⟩. ⟨in2p3-00790892⟩



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