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Journal Articles European Physical Journal C: Particles and Fields Year : 2014

Deep sea tests of a prototype of the KM3NeT digital optical module

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S. Adrián-Martínez
  • Function : Author
F. Aharonian
S. Aiello
  • Function : Author
F. Ameli
  • Function : Author
E. G. Anassontzis
  • Function : Author
M. Anghinolfi
  • Function : Author
G. Anton
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M. Ardid
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R. de Asmundis
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K. Balasi
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H. Band
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G. Barbarino
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E. Barbarito
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F. Barbato
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A. Belias
  • Function : Author
E. Berbee
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A. M. van Den Berg
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A. Berkien
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V. van Beveren
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N. Beverini
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S. Biagi
  • Function : Author
S. Bianucci
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A. Birbas
  • Function : Author
H. Boer Rookhuizen
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R. Bormuth
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V. Bouche
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B. Bouhadef
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G. Bourlis
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M. Bouwhuis
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C. Bozza
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R. Bruijn
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G. Cacopardo
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M. Calamai
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D. Calvo
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A. Capone
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L. Caramete
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F. Caruso
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S. Cecchini
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A. Ceres
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R. Cereseto
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T. Chiarusi
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B. Christopoulou
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M. Circella
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L. Classen
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R. Cocimano
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R. Coniglione
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M. Costa
G. Cuttone
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C. d'Amato
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A. d'Amico
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G. de Bonis
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G. de Rosa
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N. Deniskina
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C. Distefano
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Q. Dorosti-Hasankiadeh
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E. Drakopoulou
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L. Drury
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T. Eberl
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C. Eleftheriadis
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D. Elsaesser
A. Enzenhofer
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P. Fermani
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L. A. Fusco
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D. Gajana
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T. Gal
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F. Garufi
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M. Gebyehu
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V. Giordano
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N. Gizani
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K. Graf
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R. Grasso
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G. Grella
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A. Grmek
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R. Habel
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H. van Haren
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T. Heid
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A. Heijboer
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E. Heine
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S. Henry
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J. J. Hernandez-Rey
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B. Herold
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M. A. Hevinga
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M. van Der Hoek
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J. Hofestadt
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J. Hogenbirk
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C. Hugon
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J. Hosl
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M. Imbesi
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C. James
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P. Jansweijer
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J. Jochum
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M. de Jong
M. Kadler
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O. Kalekin
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A. Kappes
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E. Kappos
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U. Katz
O. Kavatsyuk
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G. Kieft
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E. Koffeman
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H. Kok
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P. Kooijman
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J. Koopstra
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A. Korporaal
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S. Koutsoukos
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I. Kreykenbohm
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V. Kulikovskiy
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R. Lahmann
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G. Larosa
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D. Lattuada
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A. Leisos
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D. Lenis
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E. Leonora
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A. Liolios
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C. D. Llorens Alvarez
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H. Lohner
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D. Lo Presti
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E. Maccioni
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K. Mannheim
K. Manolopoulos
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A. Margiotta
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O. Maris
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C. Markou
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J. A. Martinez-Mora
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A. Martini
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R. Masullo
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T. Michael
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P. Migliozzi
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E. Migneco
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A. Miraglia
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C. Mollo
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M. Mongelli
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M. Morganti
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S. Mos
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P. Musico
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M. Musumeci
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C. Nicolaou
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C. A. Nicolau
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A. Orlando
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A. Orzelli
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K. Papageorgiou
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A. Papaikonomou
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R. Papaleo
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G. E. Pavalas
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H. Peek
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C. Pellegrino
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M. G. Pellegriti
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C. Perrina
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C. Petridou
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P. Piattelli
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K. Pikounis
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V. Popa
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M. Priede
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G. Puhlhofer
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S. Pulvirenti
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F. Raffaelli
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N. Randazzo
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P. A. Rapidis
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P. Razis
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D. Real
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L. Resvanis
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J. Reubelt
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G. Riccobene
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A. Rovelli
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M. Saldana
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D. F. E. Samtleben
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M. Sanguineti
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A. Santangelo
P. Sapienza
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I. Savvidis
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J. Schmelling
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J. Schnabel
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M. Sedita
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T. Seitz
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I. Sgura
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F. Simeone
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I. Siotis
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V. Sipala
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A. Spitaleri
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M. Spurio
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G. Stavropoulos
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J. Steijger
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D. Stransky
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M. Taiuti
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G. Terreni
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L. F. Thompson
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P. Timmer
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H. I. Trapierakis
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A. Trovato
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M. Tselengidou
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A. Tsirigotis
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S. Tzamarias
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E. Tzamariudaki
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J. Vermeulen
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S. Viola
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D. Vivolo
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P. Werneke
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L. Wiggers
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J. Wilms
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E. de Wolf
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R. H. L. van Wooning
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K. Zachariadou
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J.D. Zornoza
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J. Zúñiga
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A. Zwart
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Abstract

The first prototype of a photo-detection unit of the future KM3NeT neutrino telescope has been deployed in the deep waters of the Mediterranean Sea. This digital optical module has a novel design with a very large photocathode area segmented by the use of 31 three inch photomultiplier tubes. It has been integrated in the ANTARES detector for in-situ testing and validation. This paper reports on the first months of data taking and rate measurements. The analysis results highlight the capabilities of the new module design in terms of background suppression and signal recognition. The directionality of the optical module enables the recognition of multiple Cherenkov photons from the same $^{40}$K decay and the localization bioluminescent activity in the neighbourhood. The single unit can cleanly identify atmospheric muons and provide sensitivity to the muon arrival directions.

Dates and versions

in2p3-00998515 , version 1 (02-06-2014)

Identifiers

Cite

S. Adrián-Martínez, M. Ageron, F. Aharonian, S. Aiello, A. Albert, et al.. Deep sea tests of a prototype of the KM3NeT digital optical module. European Physical Journal C: Particles and Fields, 2014, 74, pp.3056. ⟨10.1140/epjc/s10052-014-3056-3⟩. ⟨in2p3-00998515⟩
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