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Journal Articles Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A Year : 2016

Planck 2015 results. XIX. Constraints on primordial magnetic fields

P. A. R. Ade , N. Aghanim , M. Arnaud , F. Arroja , M. Ashdown , J. Aumont , C. Baccigalupi , M. Ballardini , A. J. Banday , R. B. Barreiro , N. Bartolo , E. Battaner , K. Benabed , A. Benoit (1) , A. Benoit-Lévy , J.-P. Bernard , M. Bersanelli , P. Bielewicz , J. J. Bock , A. Bonaldi , L. Bonavera , J. R. Bond , J. Borrill , F. R. Bouchet , M. Bucher (2) , C. Burigana , R. C. Butler , E. Calabrese , J.-F. Cardoso (2) , A. Catalano (3) , A. Chamballu , H. C. Chiang , J. Chluba , P. R. Christensen , S. Church , D. L. Clements , S. Colombi , L. P. L. Colombo , C. Combet (3) , F. Couchot (4) , A. Coulais , B. P. Crill , A. Curto , F. Cuttaia , L. Danese , R. D. Davies , R. J. Davis , P. De Bernardis , A. De Rosa , G. De Zotti , J. Delabrouille (2) , F.-X. Désert , J. M. Diego , K. Dolag , H. Dole , S. Donzelli , O. Doré , M. Douspis , A. Ducout , X. Dupac , G. Efstathiou , F. Elsner , T. A. Enßlin , H. K. Eriksen , J. Fergusson , F. Finelli , E. Florido , O. Forni , M. Frailis , A. A. Fraisse , E. Franceschi , A. Frejsel , S. Galeotta , S. Galli , K. Ganga (2) , M. Giard , Y. Giraud-Héraud (2) , E. Gjerløw , J. González-Nuevo , K. M. Górski , S. Gratton , A. Gregorio , A. Gruppuso , J. E. Gudmundsson , F. K. Hansen , D. Hanson , D. L. Harrison , G. Helou , S. Henrot-Versillé (4) , C. Hernández-Monteagudo , D. Herranz , S. R. Hildebrandt , E. Hivon , M. Hobson , W. A. Holmes , A. Hornstrup , W. Hovest , K. M. Huffenberger , G. Hurier , A. H. Jaffe , T. R. Jaffe , W. C. Jones , M. Juvela , E. Keihänen , R. Keskitalo , J. Kim , T. S. Kisner , J. Knoche , M. Kunz , H. Kurki-Suonio , G. Lagache , A. Lähteenmäki , J.-M. Lamarre , A. Lasenby , M. Lattanzi , C. R. Lawrence , J. P. Leahy , R. Leonardi , J. Lesgourgues , F. Levrier , M. Liguori , P. B. Lilje , M. Linden-Vørnle , M. López-Caniego , P. M. Lubin , J. F. Macías-Pérez (3) , G. Maggio , D. Maino , N. Mandolesi , A. Mangilli (4) , M. Maris , P. G. Martin , E. Martínez-González , S. Masi , S. Matarrese , P. Mcgehee , P. R. Meinhold , A. Melchiorri , L. Mendes , A. Mennella , M. Migliaccio , S. Mitra , M.-A. Miville-Deschênes , D. Molinari , A. Moneti , L. Montier , G. Morgante , D. Mortlock , A. Moss , D. Munshi , J. A. Murphy , P. Naselsky , F. Nati , P. Natoli , C. B. Netterfield , H. U. Nørgaard-Nielsen , F. Noviello , D. Novikov , I. Novikov , N. Oppermann , C. A. Oxborrow , F. Paci , L. Pagano , F. Pajot , D. Paoletti , F. Pasian , G. Patanchon (2) , O. Perdereau (4) , L. Perotto (3) , F. Perrotta , V. Pettorino , F. Piacentini , M. Piat (2) , E. Pierpaoli , D. Pietrobon , Stéphane Plaszczynski (4) , E. Pointecouteau , G. Polenta , L. Popa , G. W. Pratt , G. Prézeau , S. Prunet , J.-L. Puget , J. P. Rachen , R. Rebolo , M. Reinecke , M. Remazeilles (2) , C. Renault (3) , A. Renzi , I. Ristorcelli , G. Rocha , C. Rosset (2) , M. Rossetti , G. Roudier (2) , J. A. Rubiño-Martín , B. Ruiz-Granados , B. Rusholme , M. Sandri , D. Santos (3) , M. Savelainen , G. Savini , D. Scott , M. D. Seiffert , E. P. S. Shellard , M. Shiraishi , L. D. Spencer , V. Stolyarov , R. Stompor (2) , R. Sudiwala , R. Sunyaev , D. Sutton , A.-S. Suur-Uski , J.-F. Sygnet , J. A. Tauber , L. Terenzi , L. Toffolatti , M. Tomasi , M. Tristram (4) , M. Tucci , J. Tuovinen , G. Umana , L. Valenziano , J. Valiviita , B. Van Tent (5) , P. Vielva , F. Villa , L. A. Wade , B. D. Wandelt , I. K. Wehus , D. Yvon , A. Zacchei , A. Zonca
P. A. R. Ade
  • Function : Author
N. Aghanim
  • Function : Author
M. Arnaud
  • Function : Author
F. Arroja
  • Function : Author
M. Ashdown
  • Function : Author
J. Aumont
  • Function : Author
C. Baccigalupi
  • Function : Author
M. Ballardini
  • Function : Author
A. J. Banday
  • Function : Author
R. B. Barreiro
  • Function : Author
N. Bartolo
  • Function : Author
E. Battaner
  • Function : Author
K. Benabed
  • Function : Author
A. Benoit-Lévy
  • Function : Author
J.-P. Bernard
  • Function : Author
M. Bersanelli
  • Function : Author
P. Bielewicz
  • Function : Author
J. J. Bock
  • Function : Author
A. Bonaldi
  • Function : Author
L. Bonavera
  • Function : Author
J. R. Bond
  • Function : Author
J. Borrill
  • Function : Author
F. R. Bouchet
  • Function : Author
C. Burigana
  • Function : Author
R. C. Butler
  • Function : Author
E. Calabrese
  • Function : Author
A. Chamballu
  • Function : Author
H. C. Chiang
  • Function : Author
J. Chluba
  • Function : Author
P. R. Christensen
  • Function : Author
S. Church
  • Function : Author
D. L. Clements
  • Function : Author
S. Colombi
  • Function : Author
L. P. L. Colombo
  • Function : Author
F. Couchot
A. Coulais
B. P. Crill
  • Function : Author
A. Curto
  • Function : Author
F. Cuttaia
  • Function : Author
L. Danese
  • Function : Author
R. D. Davies
  • Function : Author
R. J. Davis
  • Function : Author
P. De Bernardis
  • Function : Author
A. De Rosa
  • Function : Author
G. De Zotti
  • Function : Author
F.-X. Désert
  • Function : Author
J. M. Diego
  • Function : Author
K. Dolag
  • Function : Author
H. Dole
  • Function : Author
S. Donzelli
  • Function : Author
O. Doré
  • Function : Author
M. Douspis
  • Function : Author
A. Ducout
  • Function : Author
X. Dupac
  • Function : Author
G. Efstathiou
  • Function : Author
F. Elsner
  • Function : Author
T. A. Enßlin
  • Function : Author
H. K. Eriksen
  • Function : Author
J. Fergusson
  • Function : Author
F. Finelli
  • Function : Author
E. Florido
  • Function : Author
O. Forni
  • Function : Author
M. Frailis
  • Function : Author
A. A. Fraisse
  • Function : Author
E. Franceschi
  • Function : Author
A. Frejsel
  • Function : Author
S. Galeotta
  • Function : Author
S. Galli
  • Function : Author
M. Giard
  • Function : Author
E. Gjerløw
  • Function : Author
J. González-Nuevo
  • Function : Author
K. M. Górski
  • Function : Author
S. Gratton
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1334968
A. Gregorio
  • Function : Author
A. Gruppuso
  • Function : Author
J. E. Gudmundsson
  • Function : Author
F. K. Hansen
  • Function : Author
D. Hanson
  • Function : Author
D. L. Harrison
  • Function : Author
G. Helou
  • Function : Author
C. Hernández-Monteagudo
  • Function : Author
D. Herranz
  • Function : Author
S. R. Hildebrandt
  • Function : Author
E. Hivon
  • Function : Author
M. Hobson
  • Function : Author
W. A. Holmes
  • Function : Author
A. Hornstrup
  • Function : Author
W. Hovest
  • Function : Author
K. M. Huffenberger
  • Function : Author
G. Hurier
  • Function : Author
A. H. Jaffe
  • Function : Author
T. R. Jaffe
  • Function : Author
W. C. Jones
  • Function : Author
M. Juvela
  • Function : Author
E. Keihänen
  • Function : Author
R. Keskitalo
  • Function : Author
J. Kim
  • Function : Author
T. S. Kisner
  • Function : Author
J. Knoche
  • Function : Author
M. Kunz
  • Function : Author
H. Kurki-Suonio
  • Function : Author
G. Lagache
  • Function : Author
A. Lähteenmäki
  • Function : Author
J.-M. Lamarre
  • Function : Author
A. Lasenby
  • Function : Author
M. Lattanzi
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C. R. Lawrence
  • Function : Author
J. P. Leahy
  • Function : Author
R. Leonardi
  • Function : Author
J. Lesgourgues
  • Function : Author
F. Levrier
  • Function : Author
M. Liguori
  • Function : Author
P. B. Lilje
  • Function : Author
M. Linden-Vørnle
  • Function : Author
M. López-Caniego
  • Function : Author
P. M. Lubin
  • Function : Author
G. Maggio
  • Function : Author
D. Maino
  • Function : Author
N. Mandolesi
  • Function : Author
M. Maris
  • Function : Author
P. G. Martin
  • Function : Author
E. Martínez-González
  • Function : Author
S. Masi
  • Function : Author
S. Matarrese
  • Function : Author
P. Mcgehee
  • Function : Author
P. R. Meinhold
  • Function : Author
A. Melchiorri
  • Function : Author
L. Mendes
  • Function : Author
A. Mennella
  • Function : Author
M. Migliaccio
  • Function : Author
S. Mitra
  • Function : Author
M.-A. Miville-Deschênes
D. Molinari
  • Function : Author
A. Moneti
  • Function : Author
L. Montier
  • Function : Author
G. Morgante
  • Function : Author
D. Mortlock
  • Function : Author
A. Moss
  • Function : Author
D. Munshi
  • Function : Author
J. A. Murphy
  • Function : Author
P. Naselsky
  • Function : Author
F. Nati
  • Function : Author
P. Natoli
  • Function : Author
C. B. Netterfield
  • Function : Author
H. U. Nørgaard-Nielsen
  • Function : Author
F. Noviello
  • Function : Author
D. Novikov
  • Function : Author
I. Novikov
  • Function : Author
N. Oppermann
  • Function : Author
C. A. Oxborrow
  • Function : Author
F. Paci
  • Function : Author
L. Pagano
  • Function : Author
F. Pajot
D. Paoletti
  • Function : Author
F. Pasian
  • Function : Author
L. Perotto
F. Perrotta
  • Function : Author
V. Pettorino
  • Function : Author
F. Piacentini
  • Function : Author
E. Pierpaoli
  • Function : Author
D. Pietrobon
  • Function : Author
E. Pointecouteau
G. Polenta
  • Function : Author
L. Popa
  • Function : Author
G. W. Pratt
  • Function : Author
G. Prézeau
  • Function : Author
S. Prunet
  • Function : Author
J.-L. Puget
  • Function : Author
J. P. Rachen
  • Function : Author
R. Rebolo
  • Function : Author
M. Reinecke
  • Function : Author
A. Renzi
  • Function : Author
I. Ristorcelli
  • Function : Author
G. Rocha
  • Function : Author
M. Rossetti
  • Function : Author
J. A. Rubiño-Martín
  • Function : Author
B. Ruiz-Granados
  • Function : Author
B. Rusholme
  • Function : Author
M. Sandri
  • Function : Author
M. Savelainen
  • Function : Author
G. Savini
  • Function : Author
D. Scott
  • Function : Author
M. D. Seiffert
  • Function : Author
E. P. S. Shellard
  • Function : Author
M. Shiraishi
  • Function : Author
L. D. Spencer
  • Function : Author
V. Stolyarov
  • Function : Author
R. Sudiwala
  • Function : Author
R. Sunyaev
  • Function : Author
D. Sutton
  • Function : Author
A.-S. Suur-Uski
  • Function : Author
J.-F. Sygnet
  • Function : Author
J. A. Tauber
  • Function : Author
L. Terenzi
  • Function : Author
L. Toffolatti
  • Function : Author
M. Tomasi
  • Function : Author
M. Tucci
  • Function : Author
J. Tuovinen
  • Function : Author
G. Umana
  • Function : Author
L. Valenziano
  • Function : Author
J. Valiviita
  • Function : Author
P. Vielva
  • Function : Author
F. Villa
  • Function : Author
L. A. Wade
  • Function : Author
B. D. Wandelt
  • Function : Author
I. K. Wehus
  • Function : Author
D. Yvon
  • Function : Author
A. Zacchei
  • Function : Author
A. Zonca
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Abstract

We predict and investigate four types of imprint of a stochastic background of primordial magnetic fields (PMFs) on the cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropies: the impact of PMFs on the CMB spectra; the effect on CMB polarization induced by Faraday rotation; magnetically-induced non-Gaussianities; and the magnetically-induced breaking of statistical isotropy. Overall, Planck data constrain the amplitude of PMFs to less than a few nanogauss. In particular, individual limits coming from the analysis of the CMB angular power spectra, using the Planck likelihood, are B1Mpc<4.4 nG (where B1Mpc is the comoving field amplitude at a scale of 1 Mpc) at 95% confidence level, assuming zero helicity, and B1Mpc<5.6 nG when we consider a maximally helical field. For nearly scale-invariant PMFs we obtain B1Mpc<2.1 nG and B1Mpc<0.7 nG if the impact of PMFs on the ionization history of the Universe is included in the analysis. From the analysis of magnetically-induced non-Gaussianity we obtain three different values, corresponding to three applied methods, all below 5 nG. The constraint from the magnetically-induced passive-tensor bispectrum is B1Mpc<2.8 nG. A search for preferred directions in the magnetically-induced passive bispectrum yields B1Mpc<4.5 nG, whereas the the compensated-scalar bispectrum gives B1Mpc<3 nG. The analysis of the Faraday rotation of CMB polarization by PMFs uses the Planck power spectra in EE and BB at 70 GHz and gives B1Mpc<1380 nG. In our final analysis, we consider the harmonic-space correlations produced by Alfv\'en waves, finding no significant evidence for the presence of these waves. Together, these results comprise a comprehensive set of constraints on possible PMFs with Planck data.

Dates and versions

in2p3-01115270 , version 1 (10-02-2015)

Identifiers

Cite

P. A. R. Ade, N. Aghanim, M. Arnaud, F. Arroja, M. Ashdown, et al.. Planck 2015 results. XIX. Constraints on primordial magnetic fields. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, 2016, 594, pp.A19. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/201525821⟩. ⟨in2p3-01115270⟩
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