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Journal Articles Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A Year : 2016

Planck intermediate results. XXXIX. The Planck list of high-redshift source candidates

P. A. R. Ade , N. Aghanim , M. Arnaud , J. Aumont , C. Baccigalupi , A. J. Banday , R. B. Barreiro , N. Bartolo , E. Battaner , K. Benabed , A. Benoit-Lévy , J. Bernard , M. Bersanelli , P. Bielewicz , A. Bonaldi , L. Bonavera , J. R. Bond , J. Borrill , F. R. Bouchet , F. Boulanger , C. Burigana , R. C. Butler , E. Calabrese , A. Catalano (1) , H. C. Chiang , P. R. Christensen , D. L. Clements , L. P. L. Colombo , F. Couchot (2) , A. Coulais , B. P. Crill , A. Curto , F. Cuttaia , L. Danese , R. D. Davies , R. J. Davis , P. de Bernardis , A. de Rosa , G. de Zotti , J. Delabrouille , C. Dickinson , J. M. Diego , H. Dole , O. Doré , M. Douspis , A. Ducout , X. Dupac , F. Elsner , T. A. Ensslin , H. K. Eriksen , E. Falgarone , F. Finelli , I. Flores-Cacho , M. Frailis , A. A. Fraisse , E. Franceschi , S. Galeotta , S. Galli , K. Ganga , M. Giard , Y. Giraud-Héraud , E. Gjerløw , J. González-Nuevo , K. M. Górski , A. Gregorio , A. Gruppuso , J. E. Gudmundsson , F. K. Hansen , D. L. Harrison , G. Helou , C. Hernández-Monteagudo , D. Herranz , S. R. Hildebrandt , E. Hivon , M. Hobson , A. Hornstrup , W. Hovest , K. M. Huffenberger , G. Hurier , A. H. Jaffe , T. R. Jaffe , E. Keihänen , R. Keskitalo , T. S. Kisner , J. Knoche , M. Kunz , H. Kurki-Suonio , Guilaine Lagache (3) , J. -M. Lamarre , A. Lasenby , M. Lattanzi , C. R. Lawrence , R. Leonardi , F. Levrier , P. B. Lilje , M. Linden-Vørnle , M. López-Caniego , P. M. Lubin , J.F. Macías-Pérez (1) , B. Maffei , G. Maggio , D. Maino , N. Mandolesi , A. Mangilli , M. Maris , P. G. Martin , E. Martínez-González , S. Masi , S. Matarrese , A. Melchiorri , A. Mennella , M. Migliaccio , Subhabrata Mitra , M. -A. Miville-Deschênes , A. Moneti , L. Montier , G. Morgante , D. Mortlock , D. Munshi , J. A. Murphy , F. Nati , P. Natoli , N. P. H. Nesvadba , F. Noviello , D. Novikov , I. Novikov , C. A. Oxborrow , L. Pagano , F. Pajot , D. Paoletti , B. Partridge , F. Pasian , T. J. Pearson , O. Perdereau (2) , L. Perotto (1) , V. Pettorino , F. Piacentini , M. Piat , Stéphane Plaszczynski (2) , E. Pointecouteau , G. Polenta , G. W. Pratt , S. Prunet , J. -L. Puget , J. P. Rachen , M. Reinecke , M. Remazeilles , C. Renault (1) , A. Renzi , I. Ristorcelli , G. Rocha , C. Rosset , M. Rossetti , G. Roudier , J. A. Rubiño-Martín , B. Rusholme , M. Sandri , D. Santos (1) , M. Savelainen , G. Savini , D. Scott , L. D. Spencer , V. Stolyarov , Radek Stompor , R. Sudiwala , R. Sunyaev , A. -S. Suur-Uski , J. -F. Sygnet , J. A. Tauber , L. Terenzi , L. Toffolatti , M. Tomasi , M. Tristram (2) , M. Tucci (2) , M. Türler , G. Umana , L. Valenziano , J. Valiviita , B. van Tent , P. Vielva , Francesca Villa , L. A. Wade , B. D. Wandelt , I. K. Wehus , N. Welikala , D. Yvon , A. Zacchei , A. Zonca
P. A. R. Ade
  • Function : Author
N. Aghanim
  • Function : Author
M. Arnaud
  • Function : Author
J. Aumont
C. Baccigalupi
  • Function : Author
A. J. Banday
R. B. Barreiro
  • Function : Author
N. Bartolo
E. Battaner
  • Function : Author
K. Benabed
  • Function : Author
A. Benoit-Lévy
  • Function : Author
J. Bernard
  • Function : Author
M. Bersanelli
  • Function : Author
P. Bielewicz
  • Function : Author
A. Bonaldi
  • Function : Author
L. Bonavera
  • Function : Author
J. R. Bond
  • Function : Author
J. Borrill
  • Function : Author
F. R. Bouchet
F. Boulanger
  • Function : Author
C. Burigana
  • Function : Author
R. C. Butler
  • Function : Author
E. Calabrese
  • Function : Author
H. C. Chiang
  • Function : Author
P. R. Christensen
  • Function : Author
D. L. Clements
  • Function : Author
L. P. L. Colombo
  • Function : Author
F. Couchot
A. Coulais
B. P. Crill
  • Function : Author
A. Curto
  • Function : Author
F. Cuttaia
  • Function : Author
L. Danese
  • Function : Author
R. D. Davies
  • Function : Author
R. J. Davis
  • Function : Author
P. de Bernardis
  • Function : Author
A. de Rosa
  • Function : Author
G. de Zotti
  • Function : Author
J. Delabrouille
  • Function : Author
C. Dickinson
  • Function : Author
J. M. Diego
  • Function : Author
H. Dole
  • Function : Author
O. Doré
  • Function : Author
M. Douspis
  • Function : Author
A. Ducout
  • Function : Author
X. Dupac
  • Function : Author
F. Elsner
  • Function : Author
T. A. Ensslin
  • Function : Author
H. K. Eriksen
  • Function : Author
E. Falgarone
  • Function : Author
F. Finelli
I. Flores-Cacho
  • Function : Author
M. Frailis
  • Function : Author
A. A. Fraisse
  • Function : Author
E. Franceschi
  • Function : Author
S. Galeotta
  • Function : Author
S. Galli
K. Ganga
  • Function : Author
M. Giard
  • Function : Author
Y. Giraud-Héraud
  • Function : Author
E. Gjerløw
  • Function : Author
J. González-Nuevo
  • Function : Author
K. M. Górski
  • Function : Author
A. Gregorio
  • Function : Author
A. Gruppuso
  • Function : Author
J. E. Gudmundsson
  • Function : Author
F. K. Hansen
  • Function : Author
D. L. Harrison
  • Function : Author
G. Helou
  • Function : Author
C. Hernández-Monteagudo
  • Function : Author
D. Herranz
  • Function : Author
S. R. Hildebrandt
  • Function : Author
E. Hivon
  • Function : Author
M. Hobson
A. Hornstrup
  • Function : Author
W. Hovest
  • Function : Author
K. M. Huffenberger
  • Function : Author
G. Hurier
  • Function : Author
A. H. Jaffe
  • Function : Author
T. R. Jaffe
  • Function : Author
E. Keihänen
  • Function : Author
R. Keskitalo
  • Function : Author
T. S. Kisner
  • Function : Author
J. Knoche
  • Function : Author
M. Kunz
  • Function : Author
H. Kurki-Suonio
  • Function : Author
J. -M. Lamarre
  • Function : Author
A. Lasenby
  • Function : Author
M. Lattanzi
  • Function : Author
C. R. Lawrence
  • Function : Author
R. Leonardi
  • Function : Author
F. Levrier
  • Function : Author
P. B. Lilje
  • Function : Author
M. Linden-Vørnle
  • Function : Author
M. López-Caniego
  • Function : Author
P. M. Lubin
  • Function : Author
B. Maffei
G. Maggio
  • Function : Author
D. Maino
  • Function : Author
N. Mandolesi
  • Function : Author
A. Mangilli
  • Function : Author
M. Maris
  • Function : Author
P. G. Martin
  • Function : Author
E. Martínez-González
  • Function : Author
S. Masi
  • Function : Author
S. Matarrese
  • Function : Author
A. Melchiorri
  • Function : Author
A. Mennella
  • Function : Author
M. Migliaccio
  • Function : Author
Subhabrata Mitra
  • Function : Author
M. -A. Miville-Deschênes
A. Moneti
  • Function : Author
L. Montier
  • Function : Author
G. Morgante
  • Function : Author
D. Mortlock
  • Function : Author
D. Munshi
  • Function : Author
J. A. Murphy
  • Function : Author
F. Nati
P. Natoli
  • Function : Author
N. P. H. Nesvadba
F. Noviello
  • Function : Author
D. Novikov
  • Function : Author
I. Novikov
  • Function : Author
C. A. Oxborrow
  • Function : Author
L. Pagano
  • Function : Author
F. Pajot
D. Paoletti
  • Function : Author
B. Partridge
  • Function : Author
F. Pasian
  • Function : Author
T. J. Pearson
  • Function : Author
L. Perotto
V. Pettorino
  • Function : Author
F. Piacentini
  • Function : Author
M. Piat
  • Function : Author
E. Pointecouteau
G. Polenta
  • Function : Author
G. W. Pratt
  • Function : Author
S. Prunet
J. -L. Puget
  • Function : Author
J. P. Rachen
  • Function : Author
M. Reinecke
  • Function : Author
M. Remazeilles
  • Function : Author
A. Renzi
  • Function : Author
I. Ristorcelli
  • Function : Author
G. Rocha
  • Function : Author
C. Rosset
  • Function : Author
M. Rossetti
  • Function : Author
G. Roudier
  • Function : Author
J. A. Rubiño-Martín
  • Function : Author
B. Rusholme
  • Function : Author
M. Sandri
  • Function : Author
M. Savelainen
  • Function : Author
G. Savini
  • Function : Author
D. Scott
  • Function : Author
L. D. Spencer
  • Function : Author
V. Stolyarov
Radek Stompor
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 829312
R. Sudiwala
  • Function : Author
R. Sunyaev
  • Function : Author
A. -S. Suur-Uski
  • Function : Author
J. -F. Sygnet
  • Function : Author
J. A. Tauber
  • Function : Author
L. Terenzi
  • Function : Author
L. Toffolatti
  • Function : Author
M. Tomasi
  • Function : Author
M. Türler
  • Function : Author
G. Umana
  • Function : Author
L. Valenziano
  • Function : Author
J. Valiviita
  • Function : Author
B. van Tent
  • Function : Author
P. Vielva
  • Function : Author
Francesca Villa
  • Function : Author
L. A. Wade
  • Function : Author
B. D. Wandelt
  • Function : Author
I. K. Wehus
  • Function : Author
N. Welikala
  • Function : Author
D. Yvon
  • Function : Author
A. Zacchei
  • Function : Author
A. Zonca
  • Function : Author

Abstract

The Planck mission, thanks to its large frequency range and all-sky coverage, has a unique potential for systematically detecting the brightest, and rarest, submillimetre sources on the sky, including distant objects in the high-redshift Universe traced by their dust emission. A novel method, based on a component-separation procedure using a combination of Planck and IRAS data, has been applied to select the most luminous cold submm sources with spectral energy distributions peaking between 353 and 857GHz at 5' resolution. A total of 2151 Planck high-z source candidates (the PHZ) have been detected in the cleanest 26% of the sky, with flux density at 545GHz above 500mJy. Embedded in the cosmic infrared background close to the confusion limit, these high-z candidates exhibit colder colours than their surroundings, consistent with redshifts z>2, assuming a dust temperature of 35K and a spectral index of 1.5. First follow-up observations obtained from optical to submm have confirmed that this list consists of two distinct populations. A small fraction (around 3%) of the sources have been identified as strongly gravitationally lensed star-forming galaxies, which are amongst the brightest submm lensed objects (with flux density at 545GHz ranging from 350mJy up to 1Jy) at redshift 2 to 4. However, the vast majority of the PHZ sources appear as overdensities of dusty star-forming galaxies, having colours consistent with z>2, and may be considered as proto-cluster candidates. The PHZ provides an original sample, complementary to the Planck Sunyaev-Zeldovich Catalogue; by extending the population of the virialized massive galaxy clusters to a population of sources at z>1.5, the PHZ may contain the progenitors of today's clusters. Hence the PHZ opens a new window on the study of the early ages of structure formation, and the understanding of the intensively star-forming phase at high-z.

Dates and versions

in2p3-01214769 , version 1 (13-10-2015)

Identifiers

Cite

P. A. R. Ade, N. Aghanim, M. Arnaud, J. Aumont, C. Baccigalupi, et al.. Planck intermediate results. XXXIX. The Planck list of high-redshift source candidates. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, 2016, 596, pp.A100. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/201527206⟩. ⟨in2p3-01214769⟩
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