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Journal Articles Physical Review Letters Year : 2023

Electric fields in liquid water irradiated with protons at ultrahigh dose rates

T. Guérin
A. Würger
H. Seznec

Abstract

We study the effects of irradiating water with 3 MeV protons at high doses by observing the motion of charged polystyrene beads outside the proton beam. By single-particle tracking, we measure a radial velocity of the order of microns per second. Combining electrokinetic theory with simulations of the beamgenerated reaction products and their outward diffusion, we find that the bead motion is due to electrophoresis in the electric field induced by the mobility contrast of cations and anions. This work sheds light on the perturbation of biological systems by high-dose radiations and paves the way for the manipulation of colloid or macromolecular dispersions by radiation-induced diffusiophoresis.
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Dates and versions

in2p3-04255170 , version 1 (23-10-2023)

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F. Gobet, P. Barberet, Marie-Hélène Delville, G. Devès, T. Guérin, et al.. Electric fields in liquid water irradiated with protons at ultrahigh dose rates. Physical Review Letters, 2023, 131 (17), pp.178001. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevLett.131.178001⟩. ⟨in2p3-04255170⟩
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